george hersey acknowledges his debt to r b onians's book 'the origins of european thought about the Body, the Mind, the Soul, the World, Time and Fate'. what a fantastic title, i think i'll ask the library for it
stylography is teaching or demonstrating using columns and explains their erection all over the world
teratology is the study of monsters and deformed beings and its popularity during certain periods perhaps explains the love of grotesque ornamentation
ivan illich has referred to the greater number of people with visible diseases whom one would have encountered in the middle ages and he himself refused to seek medical intervention for a cancer of his face that grew to the size of an orange but then he did write a critique of the profession entitled 'medical nemesis - the expropriation of health'
hersey traces the evolution of the language of early classical architecture by means of verbal and design tropes. the structure of the earliest temples was based on the needs for sacrifice, justice and punishment. hence the bloody vocabulary. for example the tryglyph represents a thigh bone broken into three and wrapped in layers of fat whilst the guttae are drops of blood
vitruvius, a roman writing in greek produced 'de architectura' dedicated to the emporer augustus, in 10 volumes during the 1st century ad. this introduced the proportions and founding myths of the tuscan, doric, ionic and corinthian orders. the earliest known copy is from the 8th century and he is the only author on architecture to have survived to be copied repeatedly during the middle ages
from then on his work has been translated, interpreted and embellished by various authorities culminating in a number of renaissance treatises. cesare cesariano produced the first fully illustrated and annotated italian version in 1521 and in 1549 the vitruvius teutsch included atalantes, caryatids, terms and herms, all forms of columns. other important editions are those of alberti (florence 1452) the italian edition of which appeared in 1550 and fra giocondo (florence 1522)
the language of classical architecture has become almost meaningless to 21st century humanity. its contemporary condition has been reduced to the level of young and old fogeys championing the incoherent babble of formalism and postmodern pastiche whilst ignoring the far off voices of pedants debating philology, herms and terms as they toil inter silvas Academi